Libro: The psychopath code. Cracking the predators that stalk us

psico

Título: The psychopath code. Cracking the predators that stalk us
Autor: Pieter Hintjens
Editorial: Supongo que autoeditado. Solo tengo la versión Kindle. Y hay otra gratis en GitBook.

Ahora mismo no tengo ni idea de cómo encontré este libro, pero el precio en Amazon y el titulo me llamaron la atención lo suficiente como para empezar a leer la muestra gratuita y rápidamente lo compré para leerlo entero.

No es el primer libro sobre psicópatas que leo, pero sí el primero que leo escrito por un desarrollador de software (entre otras cosas), lo que me parece curioso teniendo en cuenta lo que me interesa el tema y que también desarrollo software profesionalmente. Quizá haya un patrón aquí: desarrollador, comunidades en línea, interés en psicópatas.

Obviamente no es el primero en escribir del tema de los psicópatas y su realidad y efecto en nuestras vidas:

Hay gran cantidad de libros, artículos y vídeos (TED por ejemplo) sobre el problema de los psicópatas que andan sueltos por el mundo. Pero Hintjens hace algo muy interesante: nos ofrece una teoría de la psicopatía. Y como buena teoría nos ayuda a explicar por qué existen, qué los mueve, como actúan y como defendernos de ellos.

La idea central del libro es que los psicópatas, los que nacen así, tienen una razón evolutiva que en el mundo actual se ha ido de madre dado el tamaño e interconexión de la sociedad actual. En el libro se propone una visión radical en la que la sociedad humana no es una y homogenea, sino un complejo sistema biológico en el que se han desarrollado humanos depredadores de humanos. Y todo ello lo va desarrollando metódicamente con ejemplos claros basados en los personajes clásicos del mundillo de la seguridad informática (Alice, Bob y Mallory).

No voy a meterme en si el libro es más o menos científico (no lo es en el sentido de un artículo de Scientifics American) pero si en el proponer una hipótesis (que los psicópatas existen porque existe un nicho evolutivo para ellos) y desarrollando la idea para encuadrarla en diferentes escenarios para establecer su capacidad de predicción.

Quizá para muchos esto sea demasiado laxo, pero para mí el poder explicar y predecir, el disponer de un modelo de psicópata aunque no sea completamente fiable, es algo impresionante.

Aunque el libro en ocasiones me parezca excesivo en encuadrar determinados comportamientos dentro del perfil de psicópata, y aunque sospecho que la experiencia vital de Hintjens lleve los ejemplos demasiado lejos, tengo que reconocer que me parece uno de esos libros que te cambian el chip.

A continuación un par de citas de interés, aunque repito que hay una versión online para leer en Gitbook.

A healthy group spends little time on decision making. Its members have high independence. They tend to do first, talk second. There is little or no argument. An infected group struggles to get consensus. Its members argue over irrelevant details. Even the smallest project takes huge p anning, and stresses everyone. You cannot fix such groups. I have tried many times. Groups grow around founders and rules. You cannot change the rules after the fact. And to keep out bad actors, you must have the right rules.

-o-

Can we eliminate psychopathy? I’m not even sure that’s a sane goal. This predator-prey battle has been the main force of human evolution for millions of years. Without it, we’d be a historical footnote.

-o-

recognize these negative triggers, and we can become resistant against them. There are two main reasons for negative triggering. The first is history. We evolved for a different world with fewer people and far more real dangers. Modern life is safe, easy, and yet complex and filled with other people. We compete with each other for toy points. Exposure to the elements, ignorance, or non-human predators is the exception, not the rule. We are a species on holiday. Our emotions are often the idle hands waiting for the Devil’s commands.

-o-

If you confront a psychopath in the workplace, have your exit ready. You Will not be staying long. Mallory knows exactly how to make people hate and fear you. She will with tears in her eyes accuse you of sex crimes, financial fraud, and worse. She Will explain in clear detail why all the trouble is your doing. VVhat you can do instead is to collect violations of company policy or the law. You need documentation and proof. You need more than one case. You can then report these to your management, or HR. Since HR’s first job is to protect the firm from bad actors, they should be able to help.

-o-

She only shows admiration and affection for more powerful people in the organization. We all meet psychopaths at work. If you know how Mallory works, you can see this happen almost in real-time. If not, it can take years to realize “it was not normal. ” You may want to try to fix things. It is unwise to accuse co-workers of being psychopaths. Only a trained professional can make such a diagnosis. And even then, only with cooperation from the subject. Mallory is not going to walk with you into Human Resources and agree that she’s a problem.

-o-

She moves up and sideways through the company structure. The workplace often wraps a blanket of anxiety and stress around its staff. Few people expect their work to make them happy. Many businesses use mindcontrol techniques on their staff. These are the same techniques psychopaths use. All this disguises Mallory’s impact crater. When Mallory enters a workplace, she is already thinking how to leave it. She has mimmal interest in the people or the work. She’ll go through them and take what she can.

-o-

[Acerca de comunidades online] Administrators SHOULD block or ban “bad actors” who cause stress and pain to others in the project. This should be done after public discussion, with a chance for all parties to speak. A bad actor is someone who repeatedly ignores the rules and culture of the project, who is needlessly argumentative or hostile, or who is offensive, and who is unable to self-correct their behavior when asked to do so by others.

-o-

[Acerca de sintomas de la existencia de un psicópata en una comunidad y el lugar de trabajo] It takes too long to come to consensus. There is too much argument over insignificant details. Staff spend more time justifying themselves than doing valuable work. The team feels stuck and lethargic, though individuals seem bright. People are leaving for unspecified reasons. If you are stuck with Mallory in the same workplace then your feelings will evolve. You’ll have a long period of frustratlon and some anger. Then you will feel burnout. This is a sudden shift in mood from trying to make things work to disgust. You will want to avoid talking to anyone in the team.

-o-

Yet without constant pressure from cheats, there is no game. And without a game, humanity has no future. VVhat do you mean with that? I think we’re still evolving, as we must, to overcome the limitations of our planet. We Will go to the stars, or we will go extinct. Not tomorrow. Maybe in a thousand years. And while the altruists will build the spaceships and design the hibernation tanks, it will be psychopaths that provide the hunger. Every dramatic voyage of discovery is driven by false promises and lies. Most end in disaster. Some succeed, and take us forwards.

Y esto es todo por el momento. Aunque me estoy dando cuenta de que me preocupan mucho los comportamientos anti éticos. Me pregunto si será innato o aprendido. 🙂

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